Chapter 12: Research and Further Reading
- Cranberries and lower urinary tract infection prevention.
- The Cranberry Institute. “Cranberry and Human Health Research Review”.
- Effectiveness of cranberry capsules to prevent urinary tract infections in vulnerable older persons.
- The Cranberry Institute
- Cranberries for UTI Prevention
- Cran-Max, Cranmax, Cranberry, Cranberries – Pills with UTIRose – Extract / Benefits / Side Effects / Dose
- Halt the Vicious Cycle of Urinary Tract Infections Novel Next-Generation Antimicrobial Protection.
- In vitro antibacterial activity of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis flower extract against human pathogens.
- Cranberry and Hibiscus: Berry Effective Against Urinary Tract Infections
- Use of D-mannose in prophylaxis of recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women.
- D-mannose powder for prophylaxis of recurrent urinary tract infections in women: a randomized clinical trial.
- Treat and Prevent UTIs Without Drugs
- D-Mannose for Bladder and Kidney Infections
- Cran-Mannose UTI™
- D-Mannose WebMD
- D-Mannose – Urinary Tract Health Support
- Management of Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Healthy Adult Women.
- Daily intake of 100 mg ascorbic acid as urinary tract infection prophylactic agent during pregnancy.
- Vitamin C can do battle with bladder infections.
- Vitamin C (ascorbic acid). Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research.
- The association between serum levels of vitamin D and recurrent urinary tract infections in premenopausal women.
- Urinary Tract Health Gets Boost from Vitamin D
- Vitamin D fights urinary tract infections
- Vitamin D WebMD
- New study finds low vitamin D levels may increase risk of UTI among children
- Oral probiotics can resolve urogenital infections
- Lactobacilli for prevention of urogenital infections: a review.
- Persistence of Lactobacillus fermentum RC-14 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 but not L. rhamnosus GG in the human vagina as demonstrated by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA
Glossary of Terms
Antibacterial: Anything that destroys bacteria or suppresses their growth or their ability to reproduce.
Antibiotic Resistance: Antibiotic resistance occurs when an antibiotic has lost its ability to effectively control or kill bacterial growth; in other words, the bacteria are "resistant" and continue to multiply in the presence of therapeutic levels of an antibiotic.
Antimicrobial: An antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or inhibits their growth. Antimicrobial medicines can be grouped according to the microorganisms they act primarily against.
Bactericidal: Capable of killing bacteria. Antibiotics, antiseptics, and disinfectants can all be bactericidal.
Bacteriostatic: Capable of inhibiting the growth or reproduction of bacteria. Different from bactericidal (capable of killing bacteria outright).
Botanical: a substance made from part of a plant, as from roots, leaves, bark, or berries.
Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These organs include the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
UTI Reinfection. A reinfection occurs several weeks after antibiotic treatment has cleared up the initial episode and can be caused by the same bacterial strain that caused the original episode or a different one.
UTI Relapse. It is diagnosed when a UTI recurs within 2 weeks of treatment of the first episode and is due to treatment failure.